Tanzania, formerly Tanganyika, encompasses the continent’s highest point - Mount Kilimanjaro - and its deepest lake - Lake Tanganyika - and provides a habitat for great diversity of wildlife.
The Serengeti, meaning Endless Plains in the Maasai language, is a vast ecosystem that spans 12,000 square miles. From December to May, the wildebeest migration takes place in the southern Serengeti and on the short grass plains of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area where the animals come in their thousands to calve. Ngorongoro Crater is the largest intact crater in the world and Olduvai Gorge is one of the most important paleo-anthropological sites.
The lesser-known wilderness areas of the Selous, Katavi, Ruaha and Mahale are home to an abundance of animals in the wildest settings, preserved by limited accessibility. The Mahale Mountains on the shores of Lake Tanganyika offer the opportunity to trek with wild chimpanzees in an extraordinary location.